Simca 1307

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Simca 1307
Automotive industryChrysler Europe / PSA Peugeot Citroën
PredecessorSimca 1301 / 1501
Car classificationLarge family car
Automobile layoutFR layout
Internal combustion engine1.3 L Simca Type 315 Ohv Straight-4
1.5 L Simca Type 315 Ohv Straight-4
1.6 L Simca Type 315 Ohv Straight-4
RelatedSimca 1100
Simca Horizon
Automotive designRoy Axe
Simca 1307
Simca 1307 GLS 1978.jpg
Chrysler Alpine Lenzerheide.JPG
Also calledSimca 1308 / 1309
Chrysler Alpine
Chrysler 150
Production1975–80
SuccessorTalbot 1510
Car body style5-door Hatchback
Talbot 1510
Also calledTalbot Alpine
Talbot 150
Production1980–85
Car body style5-door Hatchback
Talbot Solara
Talbot Solara 1981 in shade of tree.jpg
Production1980–86
Car body style4-door Saloon car

The Simca 1307 was the name under which Chrysler Europe launched its new Large family car in 1975. A modern, Front-wheel drive Hatchback, it was one of the first such cars in that class, along with the Volkswagen Passat, and became the 1976 European Car of the Year. The model was sold under a variety of names, including Simca 1308 and 1309 models (with larger engines), Chrysler Alpine (name used for the UK and New Zealand markets), Chrysler 150 (Spanish market), Talbot 1510 / Talbot Alpine / Talbot 150 (a facelifted version launched by PSA Peugeot Citroën after its takeover of Chrysler Europe) and Talbot Solara (the Saloon car version).

More upmarket models were designated 1308 (1508 in some markets) and 1309. Styled by Roy Axe, the Simca 1307, along with the recently introduced Volkswagen Passat, was one of several full-size European family hatchback inspired by the Renault 16 that had defined the sector back in 1965. In the 1970s the most popular mid-size cars in Europe were still traditional sedans like Ford Taunus, Ford Cortina, Opel Ascona (Vauxhall Cavalier) and Peugeot 305. The car was originally manufactured in Poissy in France and in Ryton-on-Dunsmore in the United Kingdom and assembled from CKD kits by Todd Motors (later Mitsubishi Motors NZ) in New Zealand between 1977 and about 1983. Between 1979 and 1985 the car was also built by Valmet Automotive in Uusikaupunki factory in Finland.

In 1980 the car, which was now sold under the Talbot-brand, received a facelift. The new model was known as the Talbot 1510 (the Talbot Alpine name was used in the UK). A saloon version, called the Talbot Solara, was released that year, and produced alongside the hatchback version.

In New Zealand, Chrysler, Talbot, Alpine and 1510 badges were used on the car during its lifetime, though it was officially in price lists as an Alpine, following the UK convention. In 1982 the car was facelifted and renamed SX there.

French manufacturing of 1510, Alpine and Solara, along with the smaller Chrysler/Simca Horizon, ended in 1985. In the United Kingdom the last cars were rebadged as the Rapier and Minx which were badged depending on trim level rather than body style. The names were sourced from the corporate ancestor of Chrysler Europe, the Rootes Group, having been used on the Sunbeam Rapier and Hillman Minx. Supply of these models was limited and in 1986 production ceased, with the Talbot marque being shelved soon afterwards on all passenger vehicles.

The 1307's contours (black) superimposed over Aleko's (red)

Some sources argue that the Russian Moskvitch Aleko (1989-2002) bears striking resemblance to the 1307 and therefore it might be possible that the Russian engineers copied more or less of the Simca's construction.

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