Chrysler Proving Grounds
Arizona Proving Ground (Yucca, Arizona)
Latitude and Longitude:
The Arizona Proving Ground is a vehicle test facility established in 1955 in Yucca, Arizona. It was owned and operated by Ford Motor Company based in Dearborn, Michigan, until Chrysler LLC announced on November 2, 2007 that it had purchased the facility for $34.9 Million. APG is located at the foot of the Hualapai Mountains near Yucca, Arizona, 120 miles (200 km) southeast of Las Vegas, situated between Lake Havasu and Kingman, Arizona.
The facility was originally Yucca Army Airfield, an Army Air Corps training base, used during World War II. The field was declared surplus land by 1946 and the ownership was turned over to Ford in 1954.
Arizona Proving Ground has more than 50 miles (80 km) of concrete and earthen surfaces on 3,840 acres (15.5 km²) that are continuously maintained. It includes a five-mile (8 km) high speed banked oval track, with a myriad of other road testing surfaces. With extended operations in the nearby mountain range, at elevations ranging from 500 to 6500 feet (150 to 2000 m) above sea level, and varied terrain and annual temperatures ranging from 30 to 120 °F (0 to 50 °C)), APG provides a wide spectrum of vehicle testing conditions.
Details about the facility:
- An 18 acre (73,000 m²) vehicle dynamics area
- A water ingestion test area
- Vehicle corrosion test chambers
- Special test roads/surfaces for vehicle durability testing
- A water leak test facility
- A low friction facility suitable for ABS system testing
- Light truck structural durability
- Accelerated vehicle corrosion testing
- Car and truck thermal management
- Hot fuel and octane testing
- Splash testing/water ingestion testing
- FMVSS brake certification for car and light truck
- Tire traction testing for car and light truck
- Elevation - 1,950 feet (590 m)
- Average maximum summer temperature - 103 °F (39 °C)
- Average minimum winter temperature - 59 °F (15 °C)
- Average annual precipitation - 6.4 inches (160 mm)
Arizona Proving Ground (Wittmann, Arizona)
5,555 acres, of which 3,836 acres (15.52 km2) are fenced.
The facility also includes an area to test sun exposure on vehicles and components, a city traffic course, a corrosion-preparation facility and access to mountain grades.
This facility is being retired as it has been sold to home builders / land developers. The Yucca location will become the Chrysler Proving Grounds operationally in June 2008.
Chelsea Proving Grounds (Chelsea, Michigan)
Details about the facility:
- 3,850 acres
- Sled-impact testing site
- Covered crash barrier
- Skid traction area
- Mileage accumulators
- Emissions certification Center
- Wind tunnel
- Corrosion testing facility
- Jim Seckler (2008). "Chrysler takes over Yucca". Business News. Mohave Daily News. http://www.mohavedailynews.com/articles/2007/11/04/news/business/biz1.txt. Retrieved on 2008-03-24.