Simca 1300/1500

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Simca 1300/1500
1964 Simca 1500
Automotive industrySimca
Also calledSimca 1301/1501
Production1963–1975
PredecessorSimca Aronde
SuccessorSimca 1307
Car classificationLarge family car
Car body style4-door Saloon car
Automobile layoutFR layout
Internal combustion engine1.3 L Rush Ohv Straight-4
1.5 L Ohv Straight-4

Simca 1300 and Simca 1500 were Large family car manufactured by the France Automaker Simca in its Poissy factory from 1963 to 1966, and between 1966 and 1975 in revamped versions, as Simca 1301 and Simca 1501.

They were essentially versions of the same car, fitted with either a 1.3 L or 1.5 L engine, hence the model names. Apart from different engines and differences in standard equipment, the models were for the most part identical, bar some styling details such as Grille or Bumper (automobile). This model series replaced the popular, long-running Simca Aronde and was initially available only with a 4-door Saloon car body, but in 1964 the 1500 gained an Estate car version (1300 estate followed in 1965).[1]

The estate versions had some interesting features. All had split Tailgate - the rear windscreen would wind down into the bottom part, which could then be folded down. On the one hand, this allowed the access to the cargo compartment without opening the full tailgate. On the other, this meant that rear window heater could never be installed in estates. Additionally, the 1500 GL version's cargo floor could be removed and, thanks to four folding legs, converted into a picnic table! A 1500 Familial version had two child seats (facing each other) in the cargo compartment, and a luggage rack on the roof.[2]

In September 1966 Simca presented the revised range, now bearing the 1301/1501 names. The saloons featured a new, extended front end, and a significantly stretched rear, which resulted in a larger boot and a more stately profile. The estates, while also receiving the new front end, retained their previous rear design. All models were also given new interiors. In 1969 and 1970 respectively, Simca presented the more "sporty" Special versions of the 1501 and 1301. The range continued to be produced until 1975, when Simca unveiled a replacement, the Simca 1307, which went on to become the 1976 European Car of the Year.[3]

While being quite popular, especially in France and Germany, those Simcas can be remembered for some quirks regarding both series. The 1300/1500 came with Manual transmission for Left-hand drive markets, but the Right-hand drive versions were converted to Manual transmission. The conversion for some reason resulted in a "mirror" shift pattern, with the first and second gear being closer to the driver, and the third and fourth farther to the left.[1]

Moreover, the 1500 GLA model, which was initially the sole in the range featuring Automatic transmission, was at first available in metallic brown only. A similar situation concerned the interior carpets, which would come deep red regardless of the exterior color.[2] On 1301/1501 models from 1970 onwards a new badging scheme was used, which employed a red paint with a propensity to fade over time, resulting in the badges (and thus the model denomination) becoming unintelligible.[3]

Simca 1300/1500 in film


The Simca 1300/1500 is ubiquitous in the movie Playtime. Jacques Tati used the same cars in dark and grey colours as a visual cue to illustrate the uniformity of modern life in his fictional Paris.

References


  1. 1.0 1.1 "SIMCA 1300/1500". Simca Talbot Information Centre – Simca Club UK. http://www.simcatalbotclub.org/s1300.htm. Retrieved on 2006-08-18. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Andy Thompson. "SIMCA 1300 - Following in the footsteps of a giant". Rootes-Chrysler.co.uk – Rootes Group, Chrysler Europe, SIMCA, and Talbot cars. http://www.rootes-chrysler.co.uk/simca-cars/simca-1300.html. Retrieved on 2006-08-22. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "SIMCA 1301/1501". Simca Talbot Information Centre – Simca Club UK. http://www.simcatalbotclub.org/s1301.htm. Retrieved on 2006-08-18. 
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