AMC Cavalier

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AMC Cavalier

The AMC Cavalier was a Concept car built by American Motors (AMC) in 1965.

Contents

Origin


The AMC Cavalier was part of three other Prototype that hinted at some of AMC's future production vehicles. In 1966, the Cavalier became part of "Project IV" touring the Auto show circuit. This group of four Show car included the AMC Vixen (a four passenger Coupe with a "flying buttress" rear roof pillar that made the rear window area look similar to the 1966 Pontiac GTO), the AMX prototype (a two-seat coupe that evolved into the real production car), and the AMX II (a notchback Hardtop that was 8 inches (203 mm) longer than the AMX). Only the four-door Cavalier Sedan (car) was designed by Richard A. Teague in AMC's advanced design studio.

Innovation


The Cavalier was unique in that it was a study in Symmetry. It was built to demonstrate the use of numerous Interchangeable parts body panels.[1] For example, the Fender (vehicle) were identical (the opposite ends, e.g. left front and right rear). The doors were similarly shared with opposite sides since the rear doors were hinged in the back (Suicide door). The Hood (vehicle) and Decklid were also interchangeable. The objective was to reduce the costs of production.

The dash was a schematic layout of the car; the Cavalier profile and interior cavities were represented in the design of the dashboard.[2]

The car featured curved sides, as if a fuselage, punctuated by full wheel arches. The rear roof pillars (Pillar (car)) were a "flying buttress" design providing the side view of the car with a sweptback roof to what appears a short rear deck. There was a minimal amount of ornamentation compared to contemporary production cars.

Under the innovative body panel structure, the plan was for a conventional front-mounted 343 cu in (5.6 L) 280 bhp (209 kW) AMC V8 engine with rear-wheel drive (FR layout). The Cavalier had a 118 inches (2,997 mm) Wheelbase with a seating capacity for six passengers.[3] The four-door sedan was Compact car sized, measuring 175 inches (4,445 mm) in overall length.

Legacy


Many of the Cavalier's styling touches found their way into the AMC Hornet that was introduced for the 1970 model year. The Hornet was also designed under the direction of Richard A. Teague.

Postage stamp

Sharjah (city) postage stamp with two Ramblers.

The Postage stamps and postal history of Sharjah issued an airmail stamp in 1970 that includes a drawing of the AMC Cavalier. It is part of a Post Day series with a pair of early and modern automobiles. The stamp shows a 1904 Rambler and a 1965 Cavalier (although it is identified as a 1970 model probably because the show car looked so similar to the AMC Hornet introduced that year).

Name

American Motors planned to use the "Cavalier" name for a new Pony car model to debut in 1968. By that time, however, General Motors had secured the rights to the "Cavalier" name. The second choice was selected: Javelin.[4]

References

American Motors Corporation, Public Relations Department, Press Releases (various dates).

  1. "Prototypes and Show Cars" AMX files, retrieved on: January 24 2008.
  2. Richard Troxell - Testaments to AMC Engineering, retrieved on: January 24 2008.
  3. Concept Carz from concept to production, retrieved on: January 24 2008.
  4. Browske, Bob. "The Four-Seater AMX", retrieved on: January 24 2008.


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