From Dodge Wiki
|Types of companies||Private LLC|
|Entrepreneur||American Motors Corporation|
|Headquarters||South Bend, Indiana|
|Key people||James A. Armour, CEO|
|Holding company||MacAndrews & Forbes Holdings|
The Renco Group, Inc.
|Subsidiary||General Engine Products, Inc.|
AM General is an United States heavy vehicle manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana, best known for the civilian Hummer and military High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle. Its only assembly plant is in Mishawaka, Indiana.
AM General traces its roots to the Standard Wheel Company of Terre Haute, Indiana which expanded in 1903 to include the Overland Automotive Division. In 1908, John North Willys purchased the Overland company, then based in Indianapolis, Indiana, and renamed it Willys-Overland. In the 1940s, Willys-Overland developed the Jeep. In 1953, Kaiser Motors purchased Willys-Overland, and changed the name to Willys Motor Company. In 1963 the company's name changed again to Kaiser-Jeep Corporation. In 1964, Kaiser-Jeep purchased the Studebaker facilities in South Bend, Indiana, and formed the Defense and Government Products Division in 1967, which later became what is now AM General.
AM General's roots (and its location in South Bend) also lie with the "General Products Division" of Studebaker, which, along with its substantial defense contracts, was acquired by Kaiser Industries in early 1964 after Studebaker closed its U.S. auto manufacturing operations. At the time, Kaiser had been awarded an United States dollar87 million Army truck contract, and under government pressure agreed to perform the work at the South Bend plant it had recently acquired from Studebaker. Subsequently, American Motors Corporation (AMC) purchased the Jeep Corporation from Kaiser in 1970 when Kaiser itself decided to leave the auto business. In 1971, AMC made the General Products Division of Jeep (producing contract and non-commercial vehicles) a Wholly owned subsidiary and renamed it AM General Corporation.
AM General produced buses, large trucks, and Jeeps for industrial, military, and government use. In the late 1970s, it developed the High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV, nick-named "Humvee") for military use as a heavy-duty replacement for the jeep. The vehicle later became available in a civilian version sold under the Hummer brand name. Another familiar product from the AM General line was the JeepDJ-5 series—a purpose built "Delivery Jeep" 2-wheel drive (RWD) version of the Jeep CJ-5—used in huge numbers as a right-hand drive mail delivery vehicle by the United States Postal Service.
American Motors ended its history as an independent Automaker in 1982 when controlling interest in the company was purchased by France's Renault. US Government regulations forbade ownership of defense contractors by foreign governments, and Renault was partially owned by the French government. Therefore, in 1983, AM General was sold by AMC to the LTV Corporation and it became a wholly owned subsidiary of the LTV Aerospace and Defense Company.
AM General, which remains an independent company and government and military contractor, sold the rights to the Hummer name to General Motors Corporation in 1999 but continues to build the vehicles for GM, except for the H3 which is assembled in GM factories.
GM was sued early in 2003 by DaimlerChrysler, owners of the Jeep brand, for the Hummer's seven slot grille which resembled the design DaimlerChrysler argued consumers associated with Jeep vehicles. The lawsuit was dismissed due to the past corporate history involving AMC and Jeep.
Production of the Hummer H1 (the "H1" designation differentiates it from the Hummer H2 and Hummer H3 that were derived from GM-developed platforms) was discontinued in June 2006.
On August 20, 2004, it was announced that Ronald Perelman's MacAndrews & Forbes Holdings company would form a joint venture with AM General's current owner, Renco Group, to give Perelman 70% ownership of AM General. The deal reportedly cost close to US$1 billion
In 2008, AM General and the Standard Taxi Company, (Vehicle Production Group), of Troy, Michigan announced that contracts had been signed for AM General to begin producing Standard Taxi's purpose-built taxi-cabs, beginning in 2009.
Development and Production of the HMMWV
In 1979, AM General began preliminary design work on the HMMWV (HMMWV, pronounced Humvee); a 1.25-ton truck intended to replace the M151 MUTT and other Light tactical vehicle. The U.S. Army awarded AM General a prototype contract in 1981 and the development and operational testing was conducted over a five-month period in 1982. In March 1983, AM General won an initial $1.2 billion contract to produce 55,000 Humvees to be delivered in five basic models and 15 different configurations over a five-year period.
In 1983, the LTV Corporation bought AM General from American Motors Corporation and established it as a wholly owned subsidiary of the LTV Aerospace and Defense Company.
In 1984, the AM General headquarters moved from the American Motors AMTEK Building in Southfield, Michigan to Livonia, Michigan, and two years later to South Bend, Indiana, where the primary manufacturing operations were located.
Production began at the Mishawaka, Indiana assembly plant in the fall of 1984 and the first deliveries were made in early 1985. The total production by mid-1991 was more than 72,000 vehicles including international sales.
In 1992, LTV sold AM General to The Renco Group, Inc., who in 2002 converted it to a Limited liability company.
By March 1995 about 100,000 HMMWVs had been built. Since 1991, an additional 20,000 HMMWVs were ordered by international governments. To date, more than 190,000 units have been produced.
Late in 2000, AM General was awarded another production contract for 2,962 trucks in the M998A2 series. The contract contained six single-year options running to fiscal year 2007.
The Humvee offers exceptional speed, mobility and agility and is built upon a multi-purpose platform, which will accommodate a broad range of configurations. Humvees feature full-time four-wheel drive, independent suspension, steep approach and departure angles, 60 percent gradeability and 16 inches of ground clearance. Humvees are currently in use by the U.S. Army, Marine Corps, Air Force and Navy at locations throughout the United States and overseas.
Other Military Vehicles
Along with the HMMWV, AM General also produces the LSSV (Light Service Support Vehicle). The LSSV is the latest version of the CUCV and is a 4WD non-tactical vehicle for base operations support.
The LSSV is a GM-built Silverado 2500 HD (or 3500 HD) and is powered by a Duramax 6.6 liter turbo diesel engine. The LSSV is available in a crew cab or standard cab. It can also be equipped with the Enhanced Mobility Package which adds underbody protection, a tire pressure monitoring system, and other upgrades.
Prior to the development of newer vehicles, such as the HMMWV, AM General also acquired contracts from the US Department of Defense to build medium and heavy trucks for the armed forces. These included the M35 2-1/2 ton cargo truck and heavier M939 Truck.
See article: PRC HMMWVs
At least two Chinese automotive companies are known to produce HMMWV copies/clones
- Dongfeng Motors produces a humvee variant, the EQ2050
- Shenyang Aircraft Corporation produces the SFQ-2040
- ↑ http://www.amgeneral.com/corporate/history.php
- ↑ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Willys-Overland
- ↑ Autoworld.com - DaimlerChrysler Files Suit to Block Copycat Jeep Grille
- ↑ FOXNews.com - GM: End of Production Line for Hummer H1 - Hybrid Cars | Vehicles | Car Buying
- ↑ .SORKIN, ANDREW ROSS; DANNY HAKIM (August 10, 2004). "Perelman Seeks Controlling Stake in Maker of Hummer". New York Times (The New York Times Company). http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C07E6DF1E3CF933A2575BC0A9629C8B63. Retrieved on 27 May 2008.
- ↑ http://www.standardtaxi.com/documents/Issue_11.htm