Chrysler Hemi-6 Engine

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The Chrysler Hemi-6 engine is a family of Straight-6 Petrol engines produced by Chrysler Australia in three Engine displacement and multiple configurations. Hemi-6 engines were installed in Australian-market Chrysler Valiants from 1970 through 1981.

Contents

Development and release


Chrysler Corporation in the US had been working since 1966 on an inline 6-cylinder engine, called the D-engine, to replace the Chrysler Slant 6 engine (G-engine) in Dodge trucks, but abandoned the effort. Chrysler Australia wanted a new six-cylinder engine for use in the Australian Chrysler Valiant, and so Chrysler USA sent engineers to work with Chrysler Australia's engineers to continue developing the D-engine. The first 245 cu in (4.0 L) variant was released for the 1970 model year in the VG-model Valiant.

Engineering and design features


The Hemi-6's combustion chambers comprise about 35% of the top of the globe. This creates what is known as a low hemispherical shaped chamber. Although the Hemi-6 does not contain truly hemispherical combustion chambers, the "Hemi" moniker was used primarily for its marketing cachet based on the reputation of Chrysler's 1950s-1970s (true) Hemi V8 engines.

The Hemi-6 Valve arrangement is 18 degree opposed valves up to 1.96" valve head. The cylinder head is a non-crossflow design, meaning the intake and exhaust ports are on the same side of the engine.

All Hemi-6s share a robust crankshaft supported by 7 main bearings, and this family of engines quickly developed a reputation for excellent performance, economy, and durability.

Versions and variants


245 cu in (4.0 L)

The 245 was the initial version of the Hemi-6 engine. It was first used in the 1970 VG-model Valiant, and was available clear through to the final CM model of 1981.

Specifications (for 1bbl carbureted variant):

  • Bore Size: 3.76 in (95.5 mm)
  • Stroke: 3.68 in (93.5 mm)
  • Compression ratio: 9.5:1
  • Power: 165 Horsepower (123 kW) @ 4600 rpm
  • Torque: 235 ft·lbf (318 Nm) @ 1800 rpm
  • Intake valve head diameter: 1.845 in (46.9 mm)
  • Exhaust: 1.500 in (38.1 mm)


245LC (Low Compression) released in 1977 Bore Size: 3.76 (95.5mm) Stroke: 3.68 (93.5mm) Compression ratio: 7.6:1 Power: 130 hp (97 kW) estimate Torque: 180 ft·lbf (240 N·m) estimate Intake valve head diameter 1.845 inch (46.9mm) Exhaust valve head diameter 1.500 inch (38.1mm)

265 cu in (4.3 L)

The 265 was introduced in 1971 in the VH. It used a new cylinder block with a bigger bore diameter of 3.91 in (99.3 mm)—the same as many of the Chrysler small-block V8s—and a new cylinder head, having slightly more hemispherical shaped combustion chambers with larger valves.

The standard version of the 265 produced 203 hp (151 kW) @ 4600 rpm and 262 lb·ft (355 N·m) of torque @ 2800 rpm.

The top of the line performance engine in the E49 Chargers produced 302 hp (225 kW) @ 5600 rpm and 320 lb·ft (434 N·m) of torque @ 4400 rpm. The increased power is due mainly to a more aggressive Camshaft, high-load valve springs, triple 45 mm DCOE Weber sidedraught Carburetor, tuned-length exhaust headers and a higher compression ratio of 10.0:1.

Specifications (for 2bbl carbureted variant):

  • Bore Size: 3.91 in (99.3 mm)
  • Stroke: 3.68 in (93.5 mm)
  • Compression ratio: 9.5:1
  • Power: 203 Horsepower (151 kW) @ 4600 rpm
  • Torque: 262 ft·lbf (355 Nm) @ 2800 rpm
  • Intake valve head diameter: 1.96 in (49.8 mm)
  • Exhaust: 1.60 in (40.6 mm)

215 cu in (3.5 L)

This economy-orientated version of the Hemi 6 was released in [year] as the base model engine in the [model] Valiant. this engine shares the same stroke length as the other engines but has a smaller bore size of 3.52 inches (89 mm) and lower Compression ratio of 8.0:1. It ran on regular Petrol and produced 140 hp (104 kW) at 4400 rpm and 200 lb·ft (270 N·m) of torque at a low 1800 rpm.

Specifications:

  • Bore Size: 3.52 in (89.4 mm)
  • Stroke: 3.68 in (93.5 mm)
  • Compression ratio: 8.0:1
  • Power: 140 hp (104 kW) @ [4400] rpm
  • Torque: 200 ft·lbf (270 Nm) @ [1800] rpm
  • Intake valve head diameter: 1.835 in (46.6 mm)
  • Exhaust valve head diameter: 1.500 in (38.1 mm)

Modification and performance potential

Even though these engines are old, there are still modern quests for more power. The already modified E-49 (D364C) 265 still has potential for even more power to be extracted by hot rodders, drag and track racers. Naturally-aspirated engine versions are capable of making 400-450 horsepower and 380-400 ft·lbf of torque, with the best modified version revving up to 7000-7600 rpm in some cases such as Drag racing and historic touring cars in Australia. Note that all HEMI 265's have the potential to make just as much power as factory hot versions. The factory modifications done to make the E-49 engine can be done to any 265. The 265 is capable of as much as 1.5-1.7HP per cubic inch, naturally aspirated.

Due to their robust design there have also been hemi 6 engines turbo charged capable of 8 second quarter miles. see Andrew Saunders, Justa6 centura.

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