Dodge Monaco

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Dodge Monaco
Automotive industryChrysler Corporation
Production1965–1978
1990–1992
PredecessorDodge Custom 880 (For 1965)
Dodge Diplomat (For 1990)
SuccessorDodge St. Regis (for 1979)
Dodge Intrepid (for 1993)
First generation
1966 Dodge Monaco 500 convertible
Production1965–1973
Car classificationFull-size
Car body style2-door Hardtop
4-door Sedan (car)
4-door Hardtop
2-door Convertible
4-door Station wagon
Automobile layoutFR layout
Automobile platformC-body
Internal combustion engine225 cu in (3.7 L) Chrysler Slant 6 engine
318 cu in (5.2 L) LA V8
360 cu in (5.9 L) LA V8
383 cu in (6.3 L) B V8
400 cu in (6.6 L) B V8
440 cu in (7.2 L) RB V8
Wheelbase121 in (3073 mm)
Length213.3 in (5418 mm)
Width80 in (2032 mm)
Height56.4 in (1433 mm)
Second generation
The most famous Monaco - 1974 Monaco Bluesmobile Replica
Production1974–1976
Car classificationFull-size
Car body style2-door Hardtop
4-door Sedan (car)
4-door Hardtop
4-door Station wagon
Automobile layoutFR layout
Automobile platformC-body
Internal combustion engine360 cu in (5.9 L) V8
400 cu in (6.6 L) V8
440 cu in (7.2 L) V8
Third generation
Production1977–1978
Car classificationMid-size
Car body style4-door Sedan (car)
2-door Hardtop
4-door Station wagon
Automobile layoutFR layout
Automobile platformB-body
Internal combustion engine225 cu in (3.7 L) Chrysler Slant 6 engine
318 cu in (5.2 L) LA V8
360 cu in (5.9 L) LA V8
400 cu in (6.6 L) B V8
440 cu in (7.2 L) RB V8 (police)
Fourth generation
1990 Dodge Monaco
Production1990–1992
AssemblyBrampton, Ontario, Canada
Car classificationFull-size
Car body style4-door Sedan (car)
Automobile layoutFF layout
Automobile platformB-body
Internal combustion engine3.0 L (≈183 cu in) PRV engine V6
Transmission (mechanics)4-speed Automatic transmission
Wheelbase106.0 in (2692 mm)
Length192.8 in (4897 mm)
Width70.0 in (1778 mm)
Height54.7 in (1389 mm)
RelatedEagle Premier/Renault Premier
Eagle Medallion/Renault Medallion
Renault 21
Renault 25

The Dodge Monaco was a full-size Automobile built and sold by the Dodge division of the Chrysler Corporation between 1965 to 1978 and 1990 to 1992.

Contents

A Grand Prix competitor


The Dodge Monaco was originally intended to compete with the Pontiac Grand Prix model in what came to be known as the Personal luxury car market. Introduced on September 25, 1964, the 1965 Monaco was based on the Custom 880 two door hardtop coupe body. The Monaco received special badging, different taillight and grille treatment, and a sportier interior with a full-length center console, as well as a 383 cu in (6.3 L) 315 hp (235 kW) V8 engine as standard equipment. Larger, more powerful engines were also available as options.

Chrysler Canada Ltd. fielded a Dodge Monaco which was Dodge's version of the Plymouth Sport Fury in Canada. It was available in hardtop coupe or convertible body styles. However, Canadian Monacos were equipped with Plymouth Dashboards in 1965 and 1966. Unlike the American Monaco, the Canadian Monaco could be had with the 318 cu in (5.2 L) V8 or even the Chrysler Slant 6 engine.

Taking over for the Custom 880


For 1966, in the U.S., the Monaco replaced the Custom 880 series and the former Monaco became the Monaco 500. The basic Monaco was available in hardtop coupe, 4-door (pillarless) hardtop sedan, conventional 4-door (pillared) Sedan (car), and 4-door Station wagon bodystyles. In the U.S., the Monaco 500 was available only as a Hardtop Coupe. The Canadian Dodge hung onto the "Monaco" name for the Sport Fury equivalent and Polara 880 for the Fury III competitor.

For 1967, all full-sized Dodges, the Monaco included, would receive a significant face-lift with all-new exterior sheet metal. The Elwood Engel school of design was in full force, and looked great on these full-sized Dodges. The hardtop coupes would adopt a new semi-fastback roofline with a reverse slanted rear quarter window.

In Canada, the Monaco name was finally applied for '67 to all of the premium full-sized Dodge products (sedans, coupes, and station wagons), replacing the Polara 880 at the top of the Dodge line. Taking the Monaco's place as a premium full-size model was the Monaco 500, which was available only as a two-door hardtop and convertible.

Changes would be minimal for 1968. Dodge would discontinue the Monaco 500 model at the end of the 1968 model run in the United States and at the end of the 1970 model run in Canada.

The "fuselage look", 1969-73


For the 1969 model year, all full-sized Chrysler cars, including the Dodge Monaco, would adopt Chrysler's new "fuselage" styling. The theme of the design was to integrate the upper- and lower-body into one cohesive, gracefully curved unit. Curved side glass added to the effect, as did the deletion of the "shoulder" which had made the design of the 1965-68 Dodges (and, for that matter, all Chrysler Corporation full-size cars) look like boxes stacked upon one another.

However, the new big Dodges were very bland and had very little definition in their design. Unlike the gracefully-curved intermediate-sized Coronet and Charger which had debuted the year before with very distinctive lines, the Monaco was very plain and featureless.

The look started in the front of the car, with a nearly straight-across bumper (demanded by a Chrysler executive after a Congressional committee attacked him over the seeming inability of car bumpers to protect cars from extensive damage in low-speed collisions) and a five-segment eggcrate grille that surrounded the headlamps. When the cars failed to spark buyers' interest, Dodge executives demanded a change. By the summer of 1969, the division released new chrome trim for the front fender caps and leading edge of the hood as an option, which gave the appearance of a then-fashionable loop bumper without the tooling expense.

At the rear, continued with Dodge's signature delta-shaped taillamps, this time in a new form that required the top of the bumper to slope downward toward each end. With nicely-tailored chrome moldings surrounding the lamps, the rear end was arguably more distinctive and better executed than the front.

Available models for 1969 included a two-door hardtop coupe, four-door hardtop sedan, four-door pillared sedan, and two four-door station wagons (six- or nine-passenger). A new Brougham option package debuted, which included a vinyl roof (on sedans and hardtops) and a split-bench front seat with a reclining mechanism for the passenger's side (except on the two-door hardtops). Monaco wagons, befitting their top-of-the-line status among Dodge station wagons, received woodgrained vinyl trim along their sides and across the dual-action tailgate.

Returning for '69 was the "500" option, which in the U.S. market gave the Monaco front bucket seats and a center armrest. In Canada, the Monaco 500 was a separate series that used the side trim of the Polara 500 sold in the U.S. Canadians could also buy a Monaco convertible; U.S. Dodge full-size convertible shoppers had only the lower-end Polara and Polara 500 to choose from.

As Dodge's top-of-the-line, Monacos came standard with Chrysler's corporate 383-cubic-inch V8 B-block engine with a two-barrel carburetor, which delivered 290 horsepower (220 kW). Buyers could order their 383 with a four-barrel carb that increased power to 330 hp (250 kW), or they could go all the way and opt for the 375 horsepower (280 kW) and a 440-cubic-inch Magnum RB-block engine. Wagon buyers choosing the 440 got a 350 horsepower (260 kW) version.

Dodge topped off the new cars with a new option, which forecast the projector-beam halogen headlamps that came into use years later. It was called "Super-Lite," and consisted of a $50 optional road lamp mounted in the driver's side of the grille. The premise behind the Super-Lite was to enhance visibility at night in situations where more light than the standard low beams was needed but the high beams would cause glare to oncoming drivers.

As mentioned above, the new-look '69 big Dodges did not set the world — or the sales charts — on fire. Sales of the Polara and Monaco were off by nearly 20,000 cars compared with 1968, with the Monaco line accounting for 38,566 of the 127,252 full-size cars made by Dodge for the year.

1970

In order to add some flair to the cars, the 1970 models got completely new front and rear styling that included expensive-to-make loop bumpers front and rear. In the front, the new bumper enclosed a new diecast grille and the headlamps. At the rear, the double-loop bumper enclosed the taillamps. Backup lamps were moved up into the endcaps that terminated the quarter panels, in slotted body-color housings that mimicked the parking lamps of the 1967 Pontiac Grand Prix, although the look was certainly unique and tasteful.

The designers chose to emphasize the length of the hood this year, which meant that the redesigned front end grew by three inches. However, the new rear end was four inches (102 mm) shorter in length. The new dimensions were much more pleasing than the nearly equal-length front and rear ends of the '69s.

Chrysler's engineering staff didn't let the designers have all of the fun for '70. They had been busy improving the corporate torsion-bar front suspension system. The new "Torsion-Quiet" system used strategically-placed rubber isolators to seal out road noise and vibrations, which are the bane of unibody automobiles. The rear wheel track was broadened by nearly three inches as Dodge installed the same rear axle on all Monaco models (the wider axle had been used solely in wagons the previous year).

On the option front, the Brougham and 500 packages continued, but the 440 Magnum V8 was dropped. The 350 horsepower (260 kW) version 440, available only in wagons for '69, became the new top engine for all Monacos. And, despite the fanfare surrounding the Super-Lite that had been introduced the previous year, Dodge dropped the light option at the end of the model year because of a lack of consumer interest and challenges to its legality in some states.

Despite all of the changes, which cost Chrysler a rather large sum of money, Monaco (and Polara) sales tanked. Only 24,692 Monacos were built for the model year.

1971

The 1971 Monaco, which got less of a facelift than had been originally planned, got a new grille within the bumper that had been used the previous year, and other minor styling changes that were focused mainly at the rear. A new single-loop rear bumper and larger taillamps were installed.

The 500 option package was deleted, along with the Super-Lite, although a stereo cassette player/recorder with microphone was new on the option list. Bucket seats remained available despite the loss of the 500 package, and the Brougham package was also still available (and a good value at $220) despite the addition of a separate Polara Brougham series.

Under the hood, all of the engines had their compression ratios reduced so they could all use regular fuel. As a result, the two-barrel 383 reduced power to 275 hp (205 kW), the four-barrel 383 reduced power to 300 hp (220 kW), and the 440 reduced power to 335 hp (250 kW).

In an interesting change, Monaco station wagons, which in 1969 and '70 had worn their woodgrain trim on the lower bodysides, got completely new woodgrain up high on the sides — even around the windows! The new vinyl decals were translucent, allowing some of the paint color to show through. Not everyone liked the new look, but it was certainly distinctive.

Despite the power losses and mild styling change, sales picked up a bit. About 900 more Monacos were built for '71(approximately 25,544 — an exact number isn't known — versus 24,692 the previous year).

1972

For the 1972 model year, the full-sized Dodges finally got the all-new sheetmetal that had originally been planned for 1971 but delayed when Chrysler started facing the first of its soon-to-be epidemic financial crises.

Setting off the new look for the Monaco was a new front end with concealed headlamps set above a completely new bumper-grille. It looked expensive and impressive. The sides of the car did away with their previous plump appearance in favor of a new, lean look with a sharp new feature line that started on the front fenders and ran back through the doors, kicking up ahead of the rear wheels. Sedan and hardtop rooflines were new and more formal-looking. At the rear, there was yet another new loop bumper and car-wide taillight and lens ensemble, which, like the rest of the car, looked much more expensive and impressive. Station wagons got a new rear appearance, too, with stacked vertical taillamps.

The Monaco got a smaller standard V8 for '72; the long-lived 383 was out of the picture. This 360-cubic-inch engine, which had been introduced in '71 as an option on Polaras, developed 175 horsepower (130 kW), now measured as net instead of gross. Replacing the 383 was a new 400-cubic-inch, 190 horsepower (140 kW) V8. The 440 remained available, but it now turned out 230 horsepower (170 kW) net.

Despite the nominal power reductions, buyers fell hard for the new-look Monacos. Sales surged, nearly reaching 1969 levels, with 37,013 built for the model year.

1973

For its last year in the fuselage body, the Monaco continued with its 1972 styling, except for another new rear bumper with sharp new taillamps, along with a surprisingly sharp-looking new decklid and rear-quarter endcaps. The only sour points on the exterior were the large, awkward-looking black-rubber-on-chrome bumper guards that were added front and rear to meet new federal five-mile-per-hour impact standards. The cars gained a substantial amount of length this year — some six and a half inches on hardtops and sedans — due mostly to the bumper guards.

Inside, new fire-retardant materials in virtually every visible part of the interior meant added safety. Under the hood, while all three available engines lost power, they gained reliability with the addition of Chrysler's new electronic ignition system, which virtually eliminated ignition system maintenance (except, of course, for changing spark plugs).

Sadly, not as many buyers were willing to pony up for the '73 Monacos, despite the cars' improvements. Sales dropped again, this time to 29,396.

1973 proved to be the Monaco's final year as Dodge's top-of-the-line full-size car. After 14 years, the Polara name was dropped and, for 1974, all big Dodges would carry the Monaco name.

Last of the big Monacos, 1974-77

The 1974 model year Dodge was completely redesigned with an all-new unibody platform and all-new sheet metal. However, the new cars debuted at precisely the wrong time. Within days of their introduction, the 1973 oil crisis began and, suddenly, big cars became the pariahs of the auto industry. Chrysler was excoriated in the media for bringing out huge new cars, and sales suffered accordingly. In truth, it was just bad timing, as the new Monacos were very good cars, but they had been designed for a different era, and they quickly faded away.

As mentioned above, for 1974, the long-running Polara and Polara Custom models were discontinued. They were replaced by a basic Monaco and Monaco Custom respectively. The previous Monaco was renamed Monaco Brougham. The Brougham name had long been used on the luxury option package which was available from 1969 to 1973. Gone were the hidden headlamps of the previous models, replaced by fixed headlamps on all Monacos, but that would change.

For the 1975 model year, changes to the base Monaco were minimal. However, the Monaco Custom got a new name — Royal Monaco —and the Monaco Brougham became the Royal Monaco Brougham. These newly-named models featured, as Monacos had in 1972 and '73, concealed headlamps. 1975 would be the last year that the four-door hardtop would be available. After the start of the 1975 model year, a limited prouction option for Royal Monaco Brougham coupes was introduced. The Diplomat package featured a landau vinyl roof with opera windows and a wide steel roof band.

Changes to the 1976 model would be minimal, and the virtually-unchanged 1977 models (save for bumper corner tip radius details) proved to be the last true full-size Dodges. However, all full-size models were Royal Monacos for '77, as the mid-size Coronet was renamed Monaco.

The 1974-1977 Monacos received star treatment in the 1980 film The Blues Brothers, directed by John Landis. In it, a 1974 Monaco is purchased by Elwood Blues (Dan Aykroyd), which he uses to pick up his brother Jake (John Belushi) and re-assemble the brothers' band to put on a show. 1976 Monacos are also featured as Illinois State Trooper cars and Chicago city police cars.

Downsized: The 1977-78 Monaco

As a lingering result of the 1973-74 Energy crisis, Chrysler decided to shift the Monaco nameplate to the mid-size B platform for 1977. The "new" 1977 mid-sized Monaco replaced the previous Coronet 4-door sedan, 4-door station wagon and Charger hardtop coupe. The Monaco Brougham replaced the previous Coronet Brougham 4-door sedan and Charger Sport hardtop coupe, while the Monaco Crestwood station wagon replaced the previous Coronet Crestwood. The Charger S.E., which at this point became the sole Charger still available, continued unchanged.

The "new" Monacos, for all of the marketing hype, were little-changed from the Coronets which had gone before. A revised front-end design with stacked rectangular quad headlamps gave the cars an uncomfortable resemblance to the contemporary Chevrolet Monte Carlo when viewed head-on. With Chrysler Corporation in dire financial straits during these years, there was little that could be done to give the cars a fresh look, so changes had to be minimal and as inexpensive as possible.

The 1977 and 1978 models can be seen as the police vehicles in the 1980-1985 seasons of The Dukes of Hazzard.

The St. Regis takes over ... and fails

The Monaco nameplate disappeared at the end of the 1978 model year. Both the mid-sized Monaco and the full-sized Royal Monaco were replaced by the St. Regis for the 1979 model year.

Available in only a single bodystyle, a four-door pillared hardtop sedan with frameless door windows, the St. Regis was marketed and priced as a full-sized car. It was also considered to be a full-sized car by the United States Environmental Protection Agency based on its passenger compartment and trunk volumes. In size, it was comparable to, but typically larger than, the competing downsized full-sized models from General Motors and Ford Motor Company.

Stylewise, from the side, the St. Regis looked nearly identical to the concurrent Chrysler Newport and Plymouth Gran Fury (which debuted for 1980). Only from the front and rear could one tell the three apart. The St. Regis, arguably, had the most stylish front end, with headlamps mounted behind swing-away plexiglas doors. It was nothing if not bold, but the rest of the car was, to many eyes, a disappointment.

As if the new car needed any further handicaps against the competition, which rode on all-new platforms, the St. Regis (along with Chrysler's Newport and Plymouth Gran Fury) was built, by necessity, on basically the same unibody platform as the old B platform Monaco, although the new car was slightly longer in both wheelbase and overall length. This basic platform, which had been rechristened the R-body, dated to Virgil Exner's "plucked chicken" 1962 Dodges and Plymouths! To be fair, it had been updated several times and, despite its age, was still a very competent chassis.

While it never came close to matching the Monaco it replaced in sales to the general public, the St. Regis did relatively well as a police car. In fact, after its first year, the vast majority of St. Regis sales were to law enforcement agencies. However, even those sales couldn't save the car, which, along with its Chrysler and Plymouth siblings, was killed off halfway through the 1981 model year.

Revival, 1990-1992

In 1987, Chrysler purchased the assets of American Motors, mostly for the Jeep brand. However, along with Jeep came the new Eagle automobile brand of cars, which were a mix of models designed and produced by Renault and Mitsubishi Motors. As part of the purchase, Chrysler agreed to purchase a set number of Renault drivetrains for use in the Eagle Premier.

It soon became obvious to Chrysler management that there was no way that the Premier alone would sell in sufficient numbers to meet the requirements of the Renault contract. Chrysler needed to find a way to take care of this problem as quickly and cheaply as possible. Company executives soon figured that the only way to fulfill their obligation was to create another model using as many Premier parts as possible.

With Dodge being the company's highest-volume division (and despite the fact that Dodge already had a large front-wheel-drive car in the Dynasty), it was decided to give the new Badge engineering Premier to Dodge. The Monaco name was revived for the car, which differed from the Premier only in its crosshair grille, different taillights and badging. The car became Dodge's top-of-the-line model and replaced the Rear-wheel drive Diplomat, which was discontinued after the 1989 model year.

Despite Dodge's larger dealer network, even fewer Monacos were sold than Premiers. To almost no one's surprise, the similarly-sized yet less technically-sophisticated K-car based Dynasty, which had been introduced only two years earlier as a 1988 model, vastly outsold the new Monaco. Fleet buyers (mainly rental companies and governments) liked the fact that the Dynasty could be equipped with any of three different engines and sold for a lower price. The Monaco, on the other hand, despite being very roomy, came with only one engine and was considerably more expensive.

Despite its clean lines and high level of sophistication and equipment, the Monaco simply failed to gain wide acceptance from a public that was already wary of the reliability of previous French-designed AMC cars. The Premier and Monaco did indeed suffer from significant mechanical and electrical problems related to the mandated Renault-based components, which only cemented their poor reputation.

Interestingly, even though the Monaco was built at the Brampton, Ontario plant alongside the Premier, the Monaco was never sold in Canada. At that time, the Mitsubishi Galant-based 2000GTX was Dodge's top-line sedan in that market. The Monaco (and, for that matter, the Premier as well) was discontinued during the 1992 model year and dismissed by many outside of Chrysler as a market failure.

That would not be the end, however. The French-designed platform, its state of the art manufacturing plant, and the key executive from American Motors behind the Premier/Monaco design, Francois Castaing, would form the key points to what many assumed was a completely new design, the very successful and highly rated "cab-forward" LH Dodge Intrepid, Chrysler Concorde and Eagle Vision in late 1992 when production resumed at Brampton Assembly.

See also

  • Plodge

Sources

  • Burness, Tad, American Car Spotter's Guide (Osceola, WI: Motorbooks International, 1978 & 1981)
  • Flammang, James L. & Ron Kowalke, Standard Catalog of American Cars: 1976-1999, 3rd Ed. (Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 1999)
  • Gunnell, John, Standard Catalog of American Cars: 1946-1975, Rev. 4th Ed. (Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2002)

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